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2020年考研英語解析

時間:2019-07-31     來源:     作者:育明教育郭老師      點擊量:194

考研英語文章行文思路:

1、提出現象或直接闡述觀點(絕大多數在首段或第二段)

2、對現象或觀點進行分析

3、舉例論證(以事實為例或以權威人士觀點為例)

4、①重申觀點

②提出解決方案

③留下銜接空間或提出疑問以待下文

直接受益考研題型: 主旨題,態度題及某些推理題

五大題型:

①主旨題 ② 態度題 ③推理題 ④細節題 ⑤詞義題,重點是細節題。

基本解題步驟: 號 標段落號 ① 觀察題干,找出定位信息 ② 根據題干,回原文定位,出題

順序和行文順序一致 ③ 比較原文與選項,得出正確答案

正確選項特征:同義復現,同義替換,正話反說,反話正說。

1.照搬原文詞越多,正確性越小。

2.變換一個不同的說法。

3.遇到相近選項時,看是否是程度或范圍的差異。

錯誤選項特征: 1.偷換概念,無中生有,正反混淆。

2.擴大范圍,因果倒置,推的過遠。

3.局部信息,時態錯誤(完成時通常是錯誤選項),常識判斷(正確選項要符合

常識,常理和常情)

4.就事論事(混淆論點和論據)

關注: 選項的情感傾向

一、主題題型

1. 命題模式

題干中出現下列詞之一:best title,main idea,main problem,mainly about,mainly discuss,

mainly deal with或問本文的寫作目的的詞(purpose,the author intends to…)。

Which of the following is /may be the best title for the text?

What is the subject of the text?

an appropriate title for the text is mostly likely to be ____.

In this text, the author mainly discusses_______.

Which of the following is the text mainly about?

Which of the following summerizes the text?

The text expreses the idea that ________.

What is the passage mainly about?

微博:英語小林老師

___________________________________________________________________________________________

7

This passage is mainly about_____.

The text intends to tell us that _____

The text intends to express the idea that _____.

Which of the following proverb is closest to the massge the text tries to convey?

Which of the following is true according to the text?

To which of the following is the author likely to aggree?

2 .解答技巧

一般型主旨題的做題方法:串線法

將文章的首段和中間各段的首句連成一個整體

3.注意事項 :

1.不能太具體

2.中心詞一致

4.選項特征

正確選項的特征:

1.高度概括的、深刻的

2.若文章有明確的主題句,則正確選項是該句的改寫

干擾性選項特征:并非是原文主旨的錯誤總結,而是局部內容的總結

Example 1

When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is advisable to find out what its advocates

are aiming at, for, however far-fetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is

possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.

With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry

may be - even admitting that the theory on which it is based may be right - it can hardly be classed

as Literature.

This passage is mainly________.

[A] a survey of new approaches to art

[B] a review of Futurist poetry

[C] about merits of the Futurist movement

[D] about laws and requirements of literature

Example 2: :

The significance of hot spots is not confined to their role as a frame of reference. It now appears

that they also have an important influence on the geophysical processes that propel the plates

across the globe. When a continental plate come to rest over a hot spot, the material rising from

deeper layer creates a broad dome. As the dome grows, it develops seed fissures (cracks); in at

least a few cases the continent may break entirely along some of these fissures, so that the hot spot

initiates the formation of a new ocean. Thus just as earlier theories have explained the mobility of

the continents, so hot spots may explain their mutability (inconstancy).

70. The passage is mainly about ________.

[A] the features of volcanic activities

[B] the importance of the theory about drifting plates

[C] the significance of hot spots in geophysical studies

[D] the process of the formation of volcanoes


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